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Amariel Family Publishing

Family Oral History

By Yeshiyah Amariel

with information passed down by Howshua Amariel


Who is the Amariel family? We are the descendants of Ephraim son of Joseph, the son of Israel, whom was given by Jacob the birthright of the firstborn and the blessing. Because Reuben had defiled his father's bed Ephraim was made as a son of Israel (Gen. 48:13-22 all scriptures used are referring to translated version of the Hebrew text, THIS REPORT: The Hebrew/Phoenician History Called the Bible) and the first prophesied to hear the word of Yahweh (Jer. 31:9-10). Ephraim [In his day his uncle Zebulon was said to be first to make a boat with a sail. (The Testaments of Zebulon Ch.6:1-4)], was the father of Tahan the father of Ladan the father of Ammihad the father of Elishama (first prince in the family of Ephraim) the father of Nun the father of Joshua (Prince of the tribe of Ephraim and teacher appointed as a minister to teach the people the report that they may get grace and would know Jah and what to do in the hour she come to the people EX 32:32 - 33:12, NUM 11:28) the father of Ahazet (DESISTED IN HOUSE YOU CALL TODAY JERUSALEM) the father of Gezer [which at this time the spirit came upon Jahdai the son of Gazez son of Judah to go out and fulfill the whole of the purpose of the children of Israel to become a nation of priests (Ex 19:6) unto the world and taking the Torah to the nations to teach them that none other of the children of Israel had did until him. Therefore, he started in Yemen where many believed and from there he went west unto the borders of Egypt and afterward unto the land of Israel. After the priest Meraioh son of Zerahiah, who was also called Arna (father of the Basena), saw the success of Jahdai they both traveled together into the north to Aram (where few believed) and further on to the city of Nineveh of Asshur (Assyria). They taught so much that the entire nation of Asshur believed him. He ended his travels in Gomer and it became that all that had believed in his sayings were known as Jahdai (Jews), which meant to them the true spiritual children of Abraham. And also they became known for their love for one another. They followed the sacred order of genealogy of the mother and most of all exalted the name of HaShem (Eli the son) yet not the name Yahweh (the mother) or Allah (the father). However, it was for this reason that the movement was rejected by most of the sons of Israel. Though, it was mostly out of jealousy (De:32:21: They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.) because they saw that the Jews were spreading the Torah throughout the nations, which was the appointed job of the children of Israel. But the children of Israel followed after the philosophy of Joab son of Seraiah son of Judah that took from among the nation's slaves rather than teach him (1chr 2:51-55). Though, they were warned by Solomona (Salma) the son of Nahshon that the actions of Joab would bring about the destruction on the people of Israel] the father of Shechem (shepherd or chief, of sons of Ephraim and dwelled by Manasse) the father of Shiphtan the father of Kemuel (last prince of the family appointed in Joshua time) the father of Dekar [In his day David resettled all the Edomites (Amalek) in the land of Israel to the land of Aram. (2sam: 8:13-14, 1chr: 18:12-13) From there they became kings in the land (1kings 11:14-25) mixed among the people and grew (2kings 6:23-24). Henceforth they spread among the nations of the Chaldeans, Ammonites, Moabites, and as far as to Egypt under the name of the people of Gadd (2sam: 8:12, 1chr 18:11) ] the father of Hur (made head or judge or captain of the end of the mountain of Ephraim by Solomon 480 year from the time Joshua came from Mirza). At this time the children of Israel had shipping trading outposts all around the lands of Shem, Ham and Japhath that had form into cities of mixed people . Also according to the Greek writer Strabo the land of Judaea 'was inhabited by mixed races', by Egyptian, Arabic, and Hebrew/Phoenicians. However, they were forbidden to mix with the people of the land of Canaan. They were also the greatest colonizers of the Ancient World that made colonies in Asia from Kai-Feng and Chin-Kiang down to Hang Chow to Canton (where in 338 B.C. the ancient Chinese book 'The classics fo Shan Hai' mentions a great fierce black people who used a strange weapon.) From there down to the Philippians and South Australia (At the mouth of the Glenely River there are human figures resembling Phoenician/Hebrew seafarers garbed in clothing which includes a peculiar cap worn by these people in biblical times. Plus, Rex Gilroy found a similar carving near Murgon, Qld, in 1977), and up to the Malay Peninsula (settling also along the Black Sea) over to India in 1000-900 B.C. in Mappillas, Cochin, Musiris and Suppara or Sophir in 1000 B.C. on the Konkan coast. Main Harbor cities along the Gulf of Aden & the Red Sea in Yemen and up to Ezion-geber, (known to be one of the harbors for Solomon's ships 1Ki:9:26). Then, pass the Red Sea on the Gulf of Aden over to Africa at Somaliland to Wasambara (known to have Israelite traces) far down to Great Zimbabwe (with the gold mines of Ophir). Solomon also setup navy harbors in Israel in Joppa (Jon: 1:3), Sidon (Ge: 49:13), and Gebal (known to the Greeks as Byblos) and with Hiram (2Ch:9:21) use ships to build colonies on the Mediterranean in Cyprus, and Rhodes Sicily and in Europe in Greece, and upward to Mount Bego and Tende (on the border between France and Italy). Afterward going on to Spain where they founded the cities of Cadiz and Cagliari in Sardinia. In North Africa established Barca Cyrenaica in 640 B.C., Leptis in 800 B.C (originally a great Sidonian colony between the two Syrtes, certainly promoted the establishment of Israelite trade colony as Solomon did in other colonies.) and Carthage. From Mogador then traveled to the Canary Isles to Senegambia to the Ashanti and Dahomey were the tribe of Zebulon, Naphtali and Gad had a trading outpost (500B.C) to San Thome down to Mavumbu and to Loanda. During these days Nahana (believed brother of Zedekiah 1ki 22:11) son Canaan ship was taken off course and brought to the land we called substitute (today called South America). There he places a stone that recorded his journey as follows:

He then returned to the land of Israel and reported the newly


Solomon's seal in so called 'Phoenician' garments.

''Nahana son Canaan from-Zidon from-the-ward the-king trade the-hurl I-elm as-proud law-you land mountain Manasse'th-you choose of-mosthigh and-slumber and-mosthigh and-liquid in-year-you nine-you and-ten-you of-Hiram king has-I perish and-flow are-from-time and-has-strong in-sea join and-has-go people whither-whom ten-you and-has-be's in-sea as-new'ing complete whole surround of-land of-Ham and-has-separate from-knew in-on and-of-whither'ed ye connect repetition'ing in-tent-from whole juicy-is from-complete has-three you-blow came alike room secure and-man-you ten-you perish country substitute haul-as shall from-travel-as and liquid encamp has-I"


He then returned to the land of Israel and reported the newly discovered place to Solomon. King Solomon heard of the new world and started a campaign to settle the land. So he gathered people, women in general (1ki 11:1), by using Tarshish (England) (1Ki 10:22) to gather them from all of the Northern lands (the Vikings, the Carians, Etruscans, and the Ashkenazi or Anasazi) in Africa (the Egyptians) and India as far as China near Xi'an, home of the Terra-cotta Warriors (called themselves Xi of the tribes of Shabazz and Shabti) and from all races of people to build country of one people united from all people( A Jewish nation). And they were called the sea people (1ki 9: 27-28), because they were last seen sailing into the sea. However to the world were known as the Nahuatl people. One sign of this new people was that their families' lineages were traced through the women and not the men. They believed that the women were the law givers and men the law enforcers and that the woman was the divine guide placed over the family and the nation. In this people the culture of the children of Israel has been preserved until this day. We were called by the peoples of the lands that we gathered them from the Phoenicians.

One confirmation of this is a book entitled 'The Shadow of Atlantis' which states, "The Phoenicians populated their numerous colonies with the refugees, who supplied them with cheap labor. The legends tell how the Trojan princess, Dido, founded Carthage and other refugees helped to started colonies in Spain and Southern France in a similar way. But it is now becoming clear that some emigrants from the Archipelago and Asia Minor emigrated even beyond the Mediterranean shores and that the Phoenicians triremes carried many of them to America." "When Alvares Cabral landed on the spot where now stands the Brazilian capital, he met there Guarani Indians: they called this region 'Carioca.' The word 'oca' signifies in Guarani 'home, abode' and resembles the Greek word oika, which has the same significance. The Guarani word 'cari' means 'white men' and thus the whole expression 'Carioca' signifies 'the abode of white men.' Such an etymology proves that at one time the region round Rio de Janeiro was inhabited by white new-comers."


The earlier-mentioned Phoenician inscription on the nearby rock of Havea allows us to understand that the Phoenician did transport people to this region. "Diodorus, recording the rescue of the Trojan refugees by their ancient allies the Phoenicians, adds that these refugees often gave the name of their mother-city Troy to their new settlements. In the light of this it is most significant that Brazil possesses a locality named Tutoya. This village is situated in the mouth of the river Parnahyba and the traditions of the natives affirm that it is the oldest settlement in Brazil." "The Brazilian scientists trace in their country two more cities that were probably founded by Phoenicians and emigrants from other countries in the Carian Union: they are the present Turos in the state of Rio Grande do Norte and Torre in the state of Bahia. We can still hear the prefix 'toor' in both names and many Phoenician inscriptions have been found in the surroundings of Torre."


Professor Schwennhagen gives a similar explanation to He believes "that these new-comers to Brazil meant by 'Great Ion' (Mara Ion) the country of their origin, i.e. the Ionian islands. Caru-Taperu, the name of a locality on the island of Marajo, again reminds us of the Carians: some years ago there were found prehistoric cyclopic ruins, which some scientists consider Etruscan, and others, Carian. The reader probably remembers the already-mentioned discoveries in Marajo of ancient pottery resembling much the Etruscan style, and also of Etruscan and Carian inscriptions." The Brazilian Philologist E.O. de Thoron affirms that the Quichua tongue has a great deal of resemblance with old Egyptian, Greek, and even Hindustani. The book 'The Shadow of Atlantis' also corroborates this as follows: "In the cavern of Teyucare ('The Dragon's Grotto'), on the shores of the upper Parana, one can see signs, resembling Egyptian hieroglyphs, which resemble certain Cyphers of the Mayas and the mysterious ideograms of the Paraguayan cinerary urns. On one mound in Yariguaa were discovered stones with inscriptions resembling the old Egyptian hieroglyphs and the enigmatical texts found in the Amazonian forests. The well-known South American ethnologist, Dr. M. Bertoni, affirms that at least one-half of the Yariguaa hieroglyphs is identical with the old Egyptian hieroglyphs."


One scholar reconfirmed in his writings that "We have to admit that hundreds of thousands of normal Israelites are part of this ancient Semitic culture infusion. We have to recognize that so far as the Israelite is concerned such infusion probably began as early as the days when 'Dan was a protégé on alien ships' when pressed by hinterland enemies, and 'Asher clung to the seacoast, and dwelt in his harbors' "


'The Lost Tribes A Myth- Suggestions Towards Rewriting Hebrew History' written in the early 1974 by Allen H. Godbey states that "No one country can contain the whole Jewish nation… they account those regions which have been occupied by their fathers, and grandfathers, and great-grandfathers, and still more remote ancestors in which have been born and brought up, as their country. And there are even some regions to which they came the very moment that they were originally settled, sending a colony of their people to do a pleasure to the founders of the colony."


The Phoenicians, who were these people they say? Their history books give us only a glimpse of who they say we were. Pamela Odijk in her book "THE PHOENICIAN" on pg. 45 mentions some famous Phoenicians: Hanno was a Carthaginian who led an expedition by sea to northwest Africa in about 425 BC He set out with 60 ships and 30,000 people, and founded five cities including Carian Fortress, Acra and Cerne. He is thought to have reached the Cameroons. Hanno was searching for gold along the African coast. An account of his voyage was written on a stele in the temple of Baal Hammon, at Carthage. Our knowledge of his voyage is based on a Greek version of Hannon's account in a manuscript called 'The Periplus of Hannon'. Himilco sailed from Carthage in about 450 BC along the coast of Spain and France, and reached Britain and Ireland. His intention was to gain access to the tin deposits at Cornwall. Himlico was the son of Hanno who commanded the army against the Greeks in 466 to 405 BC; Hannibal was a Carthaginian who led armies against the Romans during the Second Punic War from 218 to 201 BC He had become chief at the age of 26. When the Romans declared war, Hannibal, with 40,000 men and a number of elephants, crossed the Pyrenees, and trooped across the Alps and into northern Italy. He soundly defeated the Romans in 217 BC and again the following year, even though his army was poorly supplied from Carthage. When Rome attacked Carthage, Hannibal was ordered to leave Italy and return to Carthage. He eventually had to flee from Carthage also. He finally died in 183 BC; Himilcar Barca commanded the Carthage forces during the last two years of the first Punic War of 264 to 246 BC He captured and held Mt. Ercte against the Roman and from here launched attacks against Sicily and Italy. He then held Mt. Eryx for the Carthaginians. Hamilcar was responsible for the treaty with the Romans that ended the war. Hamilcar was the father of Hannibal; Hiram was a Phoenician king who ruled Zur, not Tyre (2sam 5:11), from 969 to936 BC He was on friendly terms with King David and supplied him with building materials for his palace, and King Solomon, David's son with materials and craftsmen to build his famous Temple at Jerusalem and his palace.

Still, who did they say are the Phoenicians and what were their real name? Donald Harden in his book "The Phoenicians, Ancient People and Places "(pg.21,22) states, "They did not invent this name themselves. It seems to have been given to them by the Greeks, presumably the Mycenaean, who came into trading contact with them in the later second millennium. At first it was no doubt used for all the people who lived in Canaan. Later it would be confined to those who lived in the coastal belt. The word 'Phoenician' is first found in Homer's writing (singular - phoenix, plural - phoenixes) and appears to denote originally a dark red or purple or brown color, whence it was transferred both to date palm and the brown skin of the people. The people we called the Phoenicians were not differentiated from the several mass of Canaanites until somewhere during the later half of the second millennium BC when they reached their zenith and began to spread their stock by colonization throughout the Mediterranean and beyond." In Fenici's book "The Phoenicians", he states on pg. 62 and 63 that "The Kerethi, Pelethi and the sea people did not bring equal benefits to all the towns on the Lebanese coast. It was detrimental to Byblos at first. She forfeited her position as the leading trading center and had to look on while the younger towns of Tyre and Sidon over took her and became the leading cities of the New Phoenicia. Neighboring people now spoke of Sidonians and Tyrians instead of Giblites, as hither to, when they meant Phoenicians." On pg. 62, Fenici states that the "New arrival were the descendants of the poor Sinai Bedouins, of the relations of Abraham the children of Israel, and some northern barbarians who some historians believe came from Denmark and should therefore really be called, "North" sea people. Together with the succession of the Homeric heroes, they became forged into the Phoenician people". Pamela Odijk states in her book, "The Phoenicians" pg. 9 that "The Phoenicians occupied the land that is called Lebanon today and parts of Syria and Israel. The ancient name for this area was Canaan (Kenaan) and they called themselves Canaanite or Kenaani. In Hebrew the word Kena" ani meant "merchant". This describes the Phoenicians well she said. And she speaks of Sidon on pg. 44 stating "Sidon was an ancient Phoenician city found in the third millennium BC Sidon was famous for its purple dye and glassware. Along with Aradus, Byblos, Tyre and Akka, Sidon was one of the great cities of the Phoenicians and it is thought that Sidon was the leading city until the tenth century. Homer and the Bible both use the word Sidonians to mean Phoenicians." Base upon the scriptures the word Phenice appear in the bible 4 times. Acts 11:19 speaks of Hebrews as being in the area of Phenice. Acts 15:3; Phenice is an area like Samaria and Galilee in the land of Israel. Act 21:2; Phoenicia is near the land of Syria, and Acts 27:12; Crete is right before Phenice. Tyre according to Joshua 19:27 was a border city of Israel. Luke 6:17 states that Tyre was on the sea coast of the land of Israel and that Hebrews lived there. In the book of Jasher Ch. 90:43 and Gen. 49:13 states that Sidon was a city of Zebulon. Matthew 10:41 and Gen.46:10, Mark 3:8 both records a Hebrew named Simeon as being called a Canaanite, verifying that some Hebrews were also called Canaanites as the Phoenicians were sometimes referred to.

How did the Phoenicians look and dress? In the book, The Africans Discover Africa on pg. 39 it states that "they were a brown skinned people". Donald Harden earlier states that "they were a brown skinned people". In the book, Ancient Civilization: The Near East and Mesoam by Lambery-Karlovsky, C. on pg. 70. they state that they were a dark skinned Semitic people like the Israelites, who spoke a language akin to Hebrew" and in the book The Sea Traders by Edey, Maitland states, " There are careful pictures by Assyrians (the part of the gates erected at Balawat by Shalmaneser III the king of Assyria shows the Phoenicians leading tribute-bearers dressed in the same garments as Solomon is depicted on his Seal, also with long hair and beards) and Egyptians depicting Phoenicians, but they usually portray important persons: trading emissaries tribute-bearers, high-ranking captives. All wore long dress-like garments, thickly embroidered and usually secured by wide belts. Although museums contain a considerable number of small female statuettes, clay models and ivory carving made by Phoenicians, most are believed to be goddesses. We can surmise that Phoenician men were bearded. They wore their, hair long and rather elaborately curled. Jewelry was abundant which included finger rings, bracelets, earrings, necklaces both beaded and made of metal links and pendants of all sorts, including the flat, circular or oval plates known as plastrons (breast plates) . Displayed on the breast, plastrons were supported by fine necklace chains and decorated with enamel, jewels or delicately incised designs." In Pamela Odijk book she states on pg.19" Sculptures have been found that show men wearing belted pleated skirts ornamented on the front with two large uraei claps. Large necklaces or pendants of a sovereign or god were worn by men. Other sculptures show men in loin clothes (short skirts) and tight-fitting tunics reaching to the ankles. Men are shown on tiles and frescoes wearing multi-colored clothes with embroidered borders. Conical-shaped caps seem to have been worn by most men, who seem to have preferred long hair and beards". In reference to this, the bible in three places refers to some Israelites as being black. Song of Solomon ch.1:5, Jeremiah 8:21, and Lamentations 5:10, Leviticus 19:29, II Samuel 10:4-5, II Samuel 14:26 shows here the cultural significance of the hair and beard to Hebrew people. Exodus 28:22-30 and Numbers 15:38 speak of the importance of the breastplates and fringes among the children of Israel in reference to identification.

Now historically the Phoenicians have been depicted as merchants, seafarers, explorers and colonizers. Herodotus and other historians wrote that they circumvented the African continent; traveled to the British Isles and that they sailed to the North American continent long before Columbus and other voyagers. They are known to have colonized numerous cities throughout the Mediterranean, in Spain, on the coast of Africa and other areas. Harden writes.......`` the Phoenicians always sought similar sites in the Mediterranean such as Cadiz in Spain, Valletta in Malta, Bizerta in Tunisia, Cagliari in Sardinia, Palermo in Sicily". Odijk states, "Although the total number of Phoenician colonies is not known, it is thought to have been at least fifty. Some of these colonies developed into great cities, such as Carthage, located on the northern coast of Africa, which became a powerful trading center in its own right. On the internet HTTP://WWW.MAT.COM "The Search For The Lost Tribes ", by Steve Jones it states; "Cecil Rhodes and others maintained that the Phoenicians founded Great Zimbabwe in South Africa" (Which also the Lemba people said that they had built Great Zimbabwe, who just recently have been proven through DNA testing, to be the children of Aaron the high priest of the children of Israel). They were also said to have journeyed to America. In the history book " History and Life, The World and Its People " , written by T. Walker Wallbank, Arnold Schrier, Donna Maier-Weaver, and Patricia Guiterrez it states that " The most resent theory is that Phoenicians, who are known to have traveled to Spain and Britain in the 600's B.C., established a colony in North America". The evidence is inscriptions discovered in the state of Iowa. 1. A collection of 400 graves markers found near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2.A site in Tennessee known as Bat Creek cave where an inscription that has been found which mentions the administration of Jehua. 3.A stone discovered in the area of Los Lunas, Mexico which has the Ten Commandments on it. And 4 Inscriptions found in the nation of Brazil all written in Phoenician/Hebrew. In response to this Zebulon the father of the new Sidonian was said to be first to make a boat with a sail. The Testaments of Zebulon Ch.6:1-4, Genesis Ch.49:13. Israel had a navy and worked with the King of Tyre in bringing gold from Tarshish and other places. Judges 5:17, I Kings 9:26-28, II Chronicles 20:35-37. Hebrews sailed to America long before Columbus. The History of the Rechabites Ch.8:1-6, 11:1-8, and The Book of Mormon 1 Nephi 18:23, 2 Nephi 10:19-22, Omni Ch1:15.

The Phoenician Cities and Architecture, "Assyrian writing has revealed Phoenician cities to us, writes Odijk (pg. 28, 37) describing them as surrounded by walls with turrets and battlements. Relief of Sennacherib depicts a Phoenician town with walls and two-story houses"...., they commonly surrounded the town with a large fortified wall. The top story has windows with balustrades and miniature palm-shaped columns". On (pg.24) she states, "Each Phoenician city was independent and was governed by its own king. Kings were assisted by a council of ancients (elders) who often made decisions if the king was absent" . She also writes that, "Priests had administrative duties as well as religious duties, and some priests also had duties such as chief priest of shepherds which meant they looked after temple flocks". According to Odijk (pg. 9, 11, 14) "......., the Phoenicians grew wheat, olives, vines, and fruit trees, especially figs and sycamores. Palms grew abundantly. Flax was cultivated. The hillsides were terraced and irrigated. Phoenician engineers built dams and bridges, using huge block of stone". "The most common domesticated animals were donkeys, oxen, sheep, and goats. Carvings show that the Phoenicians tilled the lands with a simple plow drawn by oxen. Fish was a main source of protein in the people's diet. Many animals, including elephants, were raised in the Phoenician city of Carthage in North Africa". No parts of temple remain in what used to be Phoenicia..., on pg.28.She writes "The writings of the historian Herodotus describe some Phoenician temples, and the pictures of some temples appear on coins. On (pg.20) she states "Open-air and closed temples were built. Temples were considered to be places where the gods dwelled. Each temple had a porch, a chaple and a betyl, and the altar was the most holy place. There was usually a sacred fountain or bowl. A chief priest and other priests carried out religious ceremonies." Harden (pg.91) writes, "a Phoenician sanctuary of the same type which was in use in the tenth and the fifth /forth centuries B.C. has recently been found in Plain of Sharon. The method of dressing and laying the large stones of the walls of these buildings, together with their general plan, sufficiently indicates Phoenician influence". He also relates (pg.91) that "the temple found in area H at Hazor shows the same triple form with the porch somewhat narrower than the rest. There are three wings. Two round pillar-bases of basalt stood in the porch on either side of the entrance to the main hall. This may be compared with a less well-preserved temple of similar plan found by Wolley in the thirteenth/century temple at Tell Tayanat in Syria, which has the same structure, but no side chambers. There can be no doubt that similar buildings existed in most, if not all, Phoenician cities. They would usually be surrounded with an open court". Harden (pg.90) writes "The scanty remains of Phoenician temples that we possess are very informative". Our comment on this is that the Sanctuaries of the Israelites came from the pattern God gave Moses and David on how to build them; Exodus 25:8-9 and I Chronicles 28:11-12. The Hebrews had two kinds of priests, The High Priests of just the Sons of Aaron and the priest of the rest of the tribe of Levi. They were given walled cities that they completely controlled. Leviticus 21:10, Numbers 35:3-7, and Deuteronomy 24:8. David was the king of Hebron before he became king of all Israel and the 70 Elders counseled the king. 2 Samuel 3:19-22 and Exodus 24:1 Israel had a land of wheat, barley, vines, fig trees, pomegranates, olives and honey; Number 18:12, Deuteronomy 8:8.

"Historians and archaeologists have had difficulty finding out about Phoenician religion. Only a few writings have been found, and most of these are only fragments". However "El (According to Godfrey Higgins Anacalypisis Book on pg . 67 written in 1836, Robert Young, LL.D analytical concordance to the Bible on pg. 3 written in 1879 and Strong's Exhaustive concordance of the Bible on pg.12 written in 1890 the word EL denotes the name Allah) was the fa­ther of their gods...", writes Odijk on ( pg 20). Harden reveals that there are" ... many Egyptian deities represented among the amulets and figurines found on the Phoenician sites...". "The most frequent of all is Be's the dwarf demi-god, who seems to have been particularly popular with the Phoenicians". Moscati states on ( pg. 32) that the third god of By­blos, Adonis, is only given this name by the Greek authors. The name, however, is obviously Semitic - adon "master", and the pronominal suffix -i "my master" and that the direct sources of information about Phoenician religion are the numerous inscriptions from Phoenician cities. The nature of these inscriptions, however, as well as their brevity, tends to limit the data solely to the names of deities: they tell us little about the cults and religious life, and nothing about mythology". Based upon the scriptures the word Eli is one of the names used for, The Most High; Genesis 33:20 and Mark 15:34. "Be or Being" is the way The Septuagint Version by Samuel Bagster and Sons and The Holy Name Bible by A.B. Traina translates at Exodus 3:14 the name Yahwah. The word Adonis is a word the Hebrews used for Lord or Master; Joshua 10:13, Judges 1: 4-7. But in this book(the bible so-called) it is made very clear to you the order of these three . That is Allah (j e la ) the god beyond you ,Yahwah (e ve j ) the god with you and Eli (i la ) the god in you , all three are one . Ashtar also called Astarte, Ashtart and Ashtoret is mother earth or the spirit of the earth who's chief resting place is mount Zion and the latest but not least spirits revealed in this book is El spirit of the heaven, all apart of the family of God.

But all these things pale before their highest and most enduring memorial, (the alphabet), "writes Harden (pg. 20)," This is where they impinge most strongly on all subsequent civilization of old World origin. All Indo-European and Semitic tongues- indeed all subsequent alphabetic scripts- have employed the medium invented by the Phoenicians and rapidly adopted by many other nations round about them including the Greeks." Odijk (pg. 25) writes, "This alphabet was taught to people with whom the Phoenicians traded, including the Greeks". "The first known writing systems (Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley) go back no further than 6,000 B.C. at the earliest, their actual beginnings is unknown. Probably all these early writing systems arose from a single source", (Ency. Brit. vol. 13, pg.702). On the internet Http// "Phoenician Alphabet" by Ulysse states" the oldest of attested Semitic languages, Akkadian, was the vehicle of a great ancient literature written in a logosyllabic cuneiform writing system of Sumerian origin . Although the Phoenicians used cuneiform (Mesopotamian writing), they also produced a script of their own. The Phoenician alphabetic script of 22 letters was used at Byblos as early as the 15th century B.C. This method of writing, later adopted by the Greeks, is the ancestor of the modern Roman alphabet. It was the Phoenicians' most remarkable and distinctive contribution to arts and civilization. When the Phoenicians who came with Cadmus-among whom were the Gephyraei-introduced into Greece, after their settlement in the country, a number of accomplishments, of which the most important was writing, an art till then, I think, unknown to the Greeks. At first they used the same characters as all the other Phoenicians, but as time went on, and they changed their language, they also changed the shape of their letters. At that period most of the Greeks in the neighborhood were Ionians; they were taught these letters by the Phoenicians and adopted them, with a few alterations, for their own use, continuing to refer to them as the Phoenician characters-as was only right, as the Phoenicians had introduced them". In reference to this we said that The Commandments were written with the finger of God and given to Moses to teach the people. Exodus Ch. 32:15-16, Deuteronomy Ch. 9:10, 10:4. God had a writing that only very few could read. Daniel ch. 5:5-17, Mormon 9:32-34. Jesus taught us the proper way that we should learn the Iberian (OBR) alphabet to get the correct sounds. [The book of Joseph (the high priest called Caiaphas) (Ch. 10:1-12); and 'The Gospel of Thomas' Ch. 6:5-12].

Here are some Phoenician/Hebrew artifacts discovered over the past two hundred years and from the Hebrew/Phoenician symbols and writings on numerous artifices discovered in these areas shows that the early Hebrews and the Phoenicians utilized the same writing system. One of the first Phoenician/Hebrew artifices found that substantiate this is called the stele of Meshe, King of Moab. A stone of black basalt was discovered in 1868 in Dhiban, north of the River Amman in Jordan. It mentions the Tribe of Gad , the House of Israel and the Name of Yahwah. It was later said to have been broken up by Bedouins and is now at the Louvre in Paris. Second in 1880 a rock which is called the Siloam Inscription was found. It had the same general writing as the Moabite stone. Third in 1926 a part of a coex limestone sale in which insented a slab of fine graind dark limestone bearing recording of seventeen of ministers written in Phoenician/Hebrew with the standard of the tribe of Issachar (a star and crescent moon) as verified by the design of the magnificent mosaics of The Twelve Tribes of Israel by DR. Joseph Young of Los Angeles California , based upon two years of research by Rabbi Sol Rosenberg of Eden Memorial Park, San Fernando, California and he also mentions that they of the tribe of Issachar Became the Religious teachers of Israel, as this stele indicate along with the limestone inscription of Eshmunhalas son of Yittenmilk, limestone obelisk found at Salammbo, Carthage, Hanan seal, Azriel seal, Amos seal, and the Hanna seal. The balance which is the standard for the tribe of Dan is seen on the, Tunisian Tombstone . An incantation Tablet found in North Syria with a wolf devouring the evil demons which is the standard for the tribe of Benjamin. And an ax with a wolf design on it has also been found. The seal of Asaniel and Shema both having the lion on them with is the standard for the tribe of Judah. A seal belonging to Tanacha son of Miknemelech found at Bayhdad with a unicorn on it with is the symbol for the Tribe of Joseph. The Seal of a Jeremiah with a deer on it, the standard of the tribe of Naphtali and last but not lest a symbol of a ship found near never Sidon said to be the symbol for the Phoenicians but also is the standard for the tribe of Zebulon, all written Phoenician/Hebrew. 1935 two artifacts, an inscribed bowl, and letters were discovered at the site said to be the biblical Lachish. Also found were eighteen ostraca inscribed in Phoenician/Hebrew. In 1938 three more were found in a burnt straum, thought to represent the last days of the kingdom prior to the destruction of the city by the Babylonian invasion. The language again is Phoenician/Hebrew reminiscent of the writing style from Moses to Jeremiah. Fourth in the spring of 1947 the most famous of all the manuscripts were found in a cave near the Dead Sea by a herdsman searching for a lost goat. They were not closely examined until 1949 by G.L. Harding and R. Devaux. From the excavations carried out from 1951 to 1956 were discovered about thirty caves in the area which were revealed traces of use in antiquity. In ten of them more manuscripts were found hidden, some of which were of considerable length. When all these things were revealed, scholars suggested that this place was an administrative center or the place of assembly of the remains of a community that lived scattered about the area until it was destroyed by the Roman troops in A.D. 68. This destruction occurred during thee first Hebrew/Phoenician war between 66 and 70 A.D. The many writings discovered there are called the Dead Sea Scrolls which consisted of hundreds of artifacts, seals, and stones written in the Phoenician /Hebrew script. In 1960 and 1970 two inscriptions call khirbetelkon and kuntillet Ajrud stone (the hand of God) were discovery. One in the Desert of Sinai, the other near Hebron both written in Phoenician /Hebrew, speaking of Yahwah and Asterah. In 1966 at the foot hills of Mount Hermon in a place today called Tel Dan, there were three stones found written in Phoenician/Hebrew speaking of the House of David and Hadad that is mention in the Bible at 1 Kings 15:20 The first time the house of David seen written out side of Biblical records. Solomon seal, Ahaz seal and Hezekiah clay impression of his seal have also been found which bears a Phoenician Imagery that shows the symbol of the insignia of their house. Also on Solomon seal is a picture of Solomon with a beard and long hair in Phoenician clothing with fringes on his garment. Hundreds of other seals had been found which bear a Phoenician symbols with the standard of the tribes of Israel or their family insignia or both. Then in 1974 during an excavation at a site thought to be Ebenezar, two pieces preserving the longest Hebrew/Phoenician inscription yet was discovered. It measured 8.8 by 15 cm and contained five lines of writing. This script was written from left to right suggesting that ancient Hebrew could be read from right to left, from left to right and up and down just as hieroglyphics is written and read. This is script proven evidence that this was the writing formula that they took with them when they came out of Egypt. From the evidence of the excavations and the discovery of the many writings, stones, and seals, we conclude that the Hebrew/Phoenician or Phoenician/Hebrew people are one people. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Mexico stone were the missing links that prove the Bible, the Qu'ran and the Book of Mormon to be true.

Hur (MADE HEAD OR JUGDE OR CAPTAIN OF THE END OF MOUNTAIN EPHRAIM BY SOLOMON 480 year from the time Joshua came from Mirza) was the father of Naneph (In his days Jah started to provoke Israel to jealous with the Jewish people DEU32:21,1KING16:13 ,16:26 ) the father of Rechab [In his days all of the Edomites (Gaddi) attacked from Aram, Chaldea, Ammon and Moab and were resettled in the land of the children of Israel (2kings 5:2; 24:1-2).] the father of Jonadah (THE NAME JONADAB IN 2KINGS 10:15 AND HE LIVE IN ELISHA TIME AND HE FOUGHT WITH JEHU SON OF JEHSHAPHT SON OF NIMSHI) the father of Aneh (called the house of Rechab against the marry house) the father of Beer the father of Hosea (The prophet/writer of the book HOSEA in the time of JEROBOAM son of JOASH King of ISRAEL and UZZIAH,JOTHAM,AHAZ and HEZEEKIAH King of JUDAH around 744 BC) the father of Jezreel (seed prophesied to take the Kingdom of ISREAL from the house of JEHU time maybe 726 BC) and in his days the most of the house of Ephraim were taken captive by the king Asshur in the lands of Asshur and Medai along the river that separated the two lands (2kings 17:6). And the people (Samaritans) who lived in those areas the king of Asshur (Assyria) offered all of the Jews of Asshur that desired to live in the land of Israel to go unto the land so that they could fulfill the whole of the law. Yet, they no priest but one of the sons of Aaron stood up to help them and Yahweh Allah made a covenant of peace with them so that they became spiritual Ephraim in the land until this day (2king 17:24-41, Isa. 19:23). the father of Benjamin (which lived around 7O4 BC) the father of Amari (WHICH OUR FAMILY NAME WAS TAKEN FROM) the father of Habaziniah (which lived around 680 BC) the father of Manaiseh the father of Lehi (A Prophet of our people at the time of JEREMIAH in 609 B.C.E the first year of the reign of Zedekiah King of Judah from tribe of Ephraim that escaped captivity 2 CHRO CH34;9 ) [Also in his days the Chaldeans and those of Aram (2kings 16:6) came into the land and possessed it (2kings 24:2; 25:25). Although we had a covenant of peace with Aram our brothers (Gen 31:44; 1king 30:24) And the king of Babylon made the Ashkenaz son of Gomer (Gen 10:3) marshal over the land (Jer. 51:27).] [Also Mordecai son of Jair son of Jahdai was made head captain in Shushan (India). Therefore, his story had reached all the land of Israel and the Jews of the land became very mighty and possessed the land. However, they did not honor the house of Yahweh Allah, but gave honor above all to the temple mount (house of Shem) until this day.]


Lehi went down to the red sea where a group of our people, called the Basena had traveled south during the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat in the tenth century B.C. to turn a trade outpost into a colony and in 600 B.C.E troubles broke out with the Arabs and some people return with our father Lehi to the land of Jerusalem to get the plates of the Tanach and friends. At his return to Jerusalem they discovered that Jeremiah was put in prison (Jer. 37:15) and the people of the land sought our father's life to the point that he was driven out of the land. Yet, Ishmael of the house of the princes of Ephraim accompanied our father into the wilderness with the whole of his house. This is when our father Lehi received the plate of the tables of the law and history of the family of Amar from Laban son of Omri son of Amar who got the birthright but our father Habaziniah son of Amar younger brother of Omri got the blessing.


Then he again joined the Basena and became a Chief of the tribes of Israel in Sena 1 and they called themselves Balemba or Lemba named after our brother Lemuel (named by our father Lehi ),and the valley we also called Lemuel or Lempopo. Now I think it is necessary to tell you want happened. The Bhuba lineage came down from Judea as the leading lineage of the Basena when they left Judea in their early migration to the Yemen trading outposts. They settled there and built the city Sena 1 where they were the rulers of the two cities in Yemen, members of this lineage are found amongst all the Basena lineages and after the leaders of the priest came from Jerusalem had arrived in Sena 1 they desired to be the head priest. Then after crossing into Africa they build the city of Sena 2, again they divided into two groups because of what had happened to them in Arabia with the people rising up against them they feared to use the name of Israel because our people were being attack in all of our colonies at the time. Our father stood up at that time because they could not agree on which direction to take or what to do and they listen to him because he was of the house of the princes and because he was a prophet that foretold the destruction of Jerusalem. He suggested to them that they used the names of the leaders that judged them (so the tradition came that the people use the name of the leader that judged them at the time.) And that the spirit was leading him to go southward toward Zimbabwe and also recommended in reference to the leadership of the priesthood that the priest of Basena should keep charge until they arrive at a permanent home and then decide on the matter (this lineage was the one that respected our father Aneh that called the house of Rechab against the Marry house in the time of Joram the king of Judah and Israel). When the people heard the words of our father they desired to name the valley they stood in after him. Yet, he refused but recommended that the honor be given to his son Lemuel (this was done by our father to please Lemuel our brother that stood up against him because he wanted to honor). The people agreed and named themselves Lemba and the valley Lemuel. Though, jealousy rose up in the heart of a son of Ishmael who represented the house of the prince of the tribe of Ephraim. He stood up against our father with the priest that had come out of Jerusalem. They sought to continue westward to the colonies of the tribes of Manasse, Zebulon, and Gad or live with Dan in Sheba (Ethiopia) where the line of Menelik son of Solomon ruled. However, our father Lehi warned them that if they went that way it would be painful for them. Nevertheless, they refused to hear him and so departed going westward and eventually settled in Ethiopia among the people of Menelik son of Solomon by Makda the Queen of Sheba and some of them became known as the Falashas and others among them traveled on because they did not feel welcome. So they continual west passing Shilluk, Kordofan, Darfur, Madai, Chad, Kano, and ended their journey in Ibo land where the princes of the tribe of Ephraim settled among the tribes of Gad, Zebulon, and Naphtali (which were later called the Ebo or Igala from the royal family of Gad) that traveled west during the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat in the tenth century B.C. Yet the tribe of Gad felt fearful of the house of Ephraim because the son of Ishmael desired to rule. So they asked them to leave from their land. So left the land of Gad and came dwelt on the border of Ebo land (later known as land of Yoruba, where they became also known as the Yoruba). However, the house of High priest went on to Koukiya, Volta until finally settling in the land of the Ashanti. Because they heard that Jerusalem had been destroyed and Mulek son of Zedekiah the last king of Judah had left out of Jerusalem and was in that land on his way west toward the land of Substitute. These people became known as the MALANGE or MELUNGEONS people after their leader (also some people called them Berber). But the Basena also known as the Balemba (the house of High priest and the Levites) went down toward the south sea to the great trading post of king Solomon mines known as Zimbabwe or Ophir and to the house of the great Mother (Yahweh of mass) where our family went even farther into the sea to the south of the land of Substitute colony or land of Promise (south America) where our father joined the so called 'Olmec' nation and became the founder of the epi-Olmec.

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